According to the 1860 census, of the 5.3 million Southern whites only 383, 637 (approximately 7 percent) were slave owners. Ninety three percent of those who lived in or fought for the South were non-slave holders. Most prominent was Robert E. Lee, who freed his slaves years before the war. Others include Confederate Generals Joseph Johnston, J.E.B. Stuart, A.P. Hill, and Fitzhugh Lee.
“In this enlightened age,” declared General Lee, “there are few, I believe, but what will acknowledge that slavery as an institution is a moral and political evil in any country.”
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